In an effort to reduce spending and deficits, lawmakers are considering major reforms to entitlement programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Cuts to the safety net have drastic consequences for low-income Americans. The CPSP estimated the potential impacts of the House budget proposal to cut SNAP by 40% and found that such a cut would impact 24 million people and cause the poverty rate among SNAP recipients to increase by up to 10.9%. Read the full brief to see all of our results.
The latest report from the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker finds that underemployment is disturbing high among workers in New York City, the majority of whom work full-time. Underemployment, or working fewer hours than desired, is also linked to experiences of severe material hardship such as running out of money between paychecks and utility shutoffs. Steven Lee, managing director of Income Security at Robin Hood notes that “these new results underscore the fact that that low-income New Yorkers don’t need just any job. What they need are good jobs that will provide enough hours, pay a living wage, and help them move out poverty.” Click here for the report summary and here for the full report. Learn more about the Poverty Tracker here.
Poverty Tracker data shows that nearly 1 in 4 SNAP-eligible households don’t receive SNAP benefits. A recent report released by Robin Hood and CPSP uses Poverty Tracker data to identify the groups that are less likely to take-up SNAP, despite their eligibility, and the life events associated with SNAP enrollment. Click here to read a summary of the findings and here to read the full report. Learn more about the Poverty Tracker here.
Policymakers on both sides of the aisle are currently pushing for reforms to the tax code. As part of this effort, legislators are proposing multiple ideas for strengthening the Child Tax Credit (CTC), a program designed to support families raising children in the United States. A recent proposal introduced by Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO) and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) would expand access to the CTC to those at the bottom of the income distribution and boost the value of the CTC for all credit-eligible families. In this brief, we present results from a simulation of the Bennet-Brown bill. Click here to read the brief.
Though the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the Child Tax Credit (CTC) are some of the nation’s most effective antipoverty policies, they track earnings and therefore mirror the instability of recipients’ earnings over the year. A one-year “lookback” is a mechanism that would help reduce this instability. A lookback provision would allow EITC and CTC claimants to look back one year when filing taxes to maximize their credit and smooth earnings instability. In this brief, the CPSP takes a first look at the potential effects of a lookback provision on poverty.
The Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity publishes commentaries from academics, policymakers, and advocates on current anti-poverty policy proposals. In June, Spotlight featured CPSP's Christopher Wimer and Jane Waldfogel’s remarks, along with their colleague Luke Shaefer, on their universal child allowance proposal and its potential impact on child poverty. Click here to read their commentary.
The latest data coming from the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker reveals that over one in ten New Yorkers—nearly 1 Million people—often go without enough food to eat. In our latest report, Food Pantry or Food Stamps: As NYC Food Assistance Programs Grow, How Much Does Poverty Decline?, we use Poverty Tracker data to look at the coping strategies that families facing food insecurity turn to when trying to put food on the table and the potential impact of food assistance programs on poverty in NYC. Access the report here.
The CPSP estimated the poverty effects of President Trump’s March 2017 proposal to eliminate the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, also known as LIHEAP, that helps low income households pay their utility bills and keep the heat on in the winter. We found that eliminating LIHEAP would move more than 200,000 people into poverty, hurting the rural poor the most. Read our brief to learn more
The second annual New Frontiers in Poverty Research Conference was held on May 19th, 2016. Keynote speakers, Sheldon Danziger, President of the Russell Sage Foundation, and Christopher S. Jencks, Malcolm Wiener Professor of Social Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School, addressed the future of policy and research on the problem on poverty. Panel discussions focused on innovative approaches to fighting child poverty and the new findings from the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker.
Access video from the conference here.
The CPSP has released two years of Poverty Tracker data collected from 2013 to 2015. The data comes from 9 surveys administered approximately every 3 months following the baseline survey. The baseline, 12m, and 24m surveys contain repeated follow-up questions that are used to calculate hardship and poverty measures. The other surveys focus on specific topics such as health and well being, service utilization, assets and debt, consumption, work and employment, and immigration. The data files contain survey data (in STATA, and CSV formats) along with codebooks and surveys. To protect the confidentiality of respondents, the data has been stripped of any identifying information.
This data is a valuable resource for researchers and policy makers hoping to better understand poverty, hardship, and disadvantage in NYC. It can be accessed here.
Part of CPSP's poverty measurement research, Poverty in the 50 States: Long Term Trends and the Role of Social Policies presents the first estimates of state-level trends in poverty using a historical version of the Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). The SPM provides a more accurate measure of poverty than the Official Poverty Measure (OPM), which has been in use since the 1960s. CPSP developed individual state fact sheets and compiled all fact sheets into a comprehensive chartbook.