With the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP / food stamps) up for renewal, its critics are rallying behind efforts to expand SNAP work requirements to all recipients that they consider to be “work capable.” These critics argue that “work-capable” adults are increasingly taking up SNAP benefits while working less. But are these claims valid? In light of the far-reaching impacts that changes to work requirements would have, our latest research brief provides new empirical evidence regarding benefit take up and work effort of “work-capable” adults. We find that “work-capable” adults do not represent a growing segment of the SNAP caseload and a majority of “work-capable” adults who receive SNAP are working during the year that they receive benefits. Our results reinforce a body of research indicating that families receive SNAP in times of distress and unemployment, or times for which the safety net was designed. Access our brief to learn more.
The Child Tax Credit (CTC) is the closest policy that the U.S. currently has to a universal benefit for families with children, but under the current structure of the credit, many low-income families are left out. The uneven distribution of the CTC provides an opportunity for states to correct the imbalance and ensure that low- and moderate-income families benefit equally from the credit as compared to their higher-income peers. In our latest Poverty & Social Policy Brief, we simulate the costs and benefits of such a correction in the state of California, the state with the highest rate of child poverty. We find that correcting the inequalities in the CTC would yield meaningful reductions in child poverty in California.
On May 11th, the CPSP hosted the fourth annual New Frontiers in Poverty Research Conference. Click here to learn more about the conference and to access video and slides from the presentations.
The Making Affordable Housing Work Act of 2018, a recent proposal issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), outlines a plan to raise rental payments for almost all households that participate in HUD’s housing programs. Our analysis finds that this proposal would deplete the cash resources of participant households by over $750 per year, on average, and move over half a million people into poverty. Read our latest brief to learn more.
CPSP is conducting a randomized controlled trial of an antipoverty program Room to Grow , which provides low-income mothers and children with material and social supports over the first three years of life. CPSP's Tonya Pavlenko recently discussed the powerful motivation behind the program, and how it aims to help new mothers and their babies.
The Department of Homeland Security recently proposed a regulation allowing for officials to consider the take-up of non-cash public benefits when deciding whether to admit or deport non-citizens. Immigrant parents, many of whom have citizen children who are entitled to SNAP benefits, are increasingly fearful that any interaction with the government will lead to arrest and deportation. In this brief, we present estimates of the potential impact of this proposal on child poverty.
In an effort to reduce spending and deficits, lawmakers are considering major reforms to entitlement programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Cuts to the safety net have drastic consequences for low-income Americans. The CPSP estimated the potential impacts of the House budget proposal to cut SNAP by 40% and found that such a cut would impact 24 million people and cause the poverty rate among SNAP recipients to increase by up to 10.9%. Read the full brief to see all of our results.
The latest report from the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker finds that underemployment is disturbing high among workers in New York City, the majority of whom work full-time. Underemployment, or working fewer hours than desired, is also linked to experiences of severe material hardship such as running out of money between paychecks and utility shutoffs. Steven Lee, managing director of Income Security at Robin Hood notes that “these new results underscore the fact that that low-income New Yorkers don’t need just any job. What they need are good jobs that will provide enough hours, pay a living wage, and help them move out poverty.” Click here for the report summary and here for the full report. Learn more about the Poverty Tracker here.
Poverty Tracker data shows that nearly 1 in 4 SNAP-eligible households don’t receive SNAP benefits. A recent report released by Robin Hood and CPSP uses Poverty Tracker data to identify the groups that are less likely to take-up SNAP, despite their eligibility, and the life events associated with SNAP enrollment. Click here to read a summary of the findings and here to read the full report. Learn more about the Poverty Tracker here.
Policymakers on both sides of the aisle are currently pushing for reforms to the tax code. As part of this effort, legislators are proposing multiple ideas for strengthening the Child Tax Credit (CTC), a program designed to support families raising children in the United States. A recent proposal introduced by Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO) and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) would expand access to the CTC to those at the bottom of the income distribution and boost the value of the CTC for all credit-eligible families. In this brief, we present results from a simulation of the Bennet-Brown bill. Click here to read the brief.
Though the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the Child Tax Credit (CTC) are some of the nation’s most effective antipoverty policies, they track earnings and therefore mirror the instability of recipients’ earnings over the year. A one-year “lookback” is a mechanism that would help reduce this instability. A lookback provision would allow EITC and CTC claimants to look back one year when filing taxes to maximize their credit and smooth earnings instability. In this brief, the CPSP takes a first look at the potential effects of a lookback provision on poverty.
The Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity publishes commentaries from academics, policymakers, and advocates on current anti-poverty policy proposals. In June, Spotlight featured CPSP's Christopher Wimer and Jane Waldfogel’s remarks, along with their colleague Luke Shaefer, on their universal child allowance proposal and its potential impact on child poverty. Click here to read their commentary.
The latest data coming from the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker reveals that over one in ten New Yorkers—nearly 1 Million people—often go without enough food to eat. In our latest report, Food Pantry or Food Stamps: As NYC Food Assistance Programs Grow, How Much Does Poverty Decline?, we use Poverty Tracker data to look at the coping strategies that families facing food insecurity turn to when trying to put food on the table and the potential impact of food assistance programs on poverty in NYC. Access the report here.
On May 19th, the CPSP hosted the third annual New Frontiers in Poverty Research Conference. Click here to learn more about the conference and to access video and slides from the presentations.
The CPSP estimated the poverty effects of President Trump’s March 2017 proposal to eliminate the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, also known as LIHEAP, that helps low income households pay their utility bills and keep the heat on in the winter. We found that eliminating LIHEAP would move more than 200,000 people into poverty, hurting the rural poor the most. Read our brief to learn more
On February 6th, CPSP was proud to participate in Robin Hood's inaugural Poverty Solutions Conference, which focused on "innovative, fundable, and implementable" poverty solutions. Click here to access the complete report.